Dog coat types – A guide and which causes the most shedding

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Dogs come in all shapes and sizes, and they also have a variety of different coat types.

Some dog breeds have a thick, heavy coat that helps protect them from the cold weather, while other dog breeds have a thin, short coat that doesn't provide much insulation.

In this blog post, we will discuss the different dog coat types and which ones cause the most shedding.



Types of dog coats


There are four types of dog coats: short, long, wiry, and curly.


Coat types


Short-coated dogs don't shed as much as their longer-haired counterparts, but they still need to be groomed regularly to keep them looking neat.

Examples include Boxers, Dalmatians, Beagles and short haired Chihuahuas.


Long-coated breeds tend to shed the most fur and hair; in fact, you can often see clumps of hair lying around where these dogs have been.

The most popular breed for this is, of course, the Golden Retriever.


Wiry-coated dogs are a bit of a hybrid - they don't shed as much as long-coats but more than short-coats.

These are usually seen on most Terrier breeds, as well as the German Wirehaired Pointer.


Curly coated dogs are the least likely to shed, but they require more grooming to prevent mats from forming in their hair.

Usually you see this on Poodles in general.


Coat thicknesses


The last factor to look at is if your dog has a single or double coat. (source)

Single coated dogs generally mean less fur and shedding, as a rule (at least when compared to double coated breeds).

You see this in Boxers and Basenjis, which are both short haired and single coated dogs.

Double coated dogs are generally dogs that can withstand colder environments, but it also means a lore more shedding than the single coated dogs.

These dogs are generally like the Bernese Mountain Dogs, as well as Golden Retrievers.

An interesting point to note - Labrador Retrievers are a short coated breed with double coats - they shed a lot, nearly as much as the Golden Retrievers!


Types of shedding


Dogs shed for two obvious reasons: to get rid of old hair and to make way for new hair.


Most dogs will go through a heavy shedding period once or twice a year, which is normal. However, if your dog is constantly shedding then there may be something wrong.

Some common causes of excessive shedding are allergies, parasites, poor nutrition, stress, and health problems.


If you're having trouble with your dog's shedding, contact your veterinarian for advice.

They'll be able to help you determine the cause of the problem and recommend the best course of treatment, though mostly if it's not due to alopecia or some skin issue, the vet cannot do very much.


How to groom your dog's coat


The dog's coat needs regular grooming to keep it in good condition.

A dog with a long, heavy coat will need brushing more often than one that has shorter hair because the longer fur is prone to matting and tangles.

If you're not familiar, you can have a look at beginner grooming for your dogs.


There are three main types of dog brushes: bristle brush, pin brush, and dog comb.


Bristle brush


A bristle dog brush is the best type of dog coat for shedding; it works well on both long hair and short hair dogs without causing any discomfort or irritation to your pet's skin when used correctly.


Pin Brush


A dog pin brush is a great option if your dog has short hair.

It can be used to remove dirt and debris from the coat, as well as help detangle knots in long hair dogs.


Dog comb


A dog comb should only be used on thick coats that need extra grooming attention because they tend not to pull out any fur while brushing through mats or tangles without causing discomfort.

However it may still cause some discomfort when working close quarters with smaller areas of skin (such as ear canal).



When using this type of dog brush for shedding, make sure you start at least two inches away from where the matting begins.

This is so there will be room between bristles and scalp surface area before applying pressure during application process - it will help prevent pulling and tearing on the dog's skin too much, especially at delicate areas like near their ear canals.


Shampoo for your dog's coat


You should also use specially formulated dog shampoo for dogs with long coats - This is usually because their coat makeup can be different from other types of coat.

Also, some shampoos may strip the essential oils off their coat, causing damage and potential skin issues.

If you don't have any of this type on hand, consider purchasing some at your local pet store or ordering online from Amazon or another retailer (Links will be provided soon).

If you're unsure, ask your vet and they'll advise on the best types for your dog!



How often should I brush my dog


This answer will vary depending on the dog's breed, hair type, and whether or not they are a heavy shedder.

Generally speaking, you should brush your dog at least once a week to keep their coat looking healthy and free of mats and tangles.


If you have a long-haired dog that is prone to matting and shedding heavily, then you may need to brush them every day (or as close to it as possible).

Or, if your dog is active and decides to roll around in the grass a lot, you might want to consider brushing a few times a week.

Short-haired dogs generally only require brushing every two weeks or so if they're not matted or tangled.


What type of coat is best for your climate and lifestyle


There is no one perfect dog coat type that is right for everyone.

You need to consider your climate and lifestyle when choosing a dog coat because the wrong type of coat can make your dog very uncomfortable.

For example, if you live in a hot climate, it's not ideal to have a dog with a thick, long coat because they will overheat very quickly.

Likewise, if you're an active person who likes to take their dog on hikes and walks, it's not practical to have a dog with a short, thin coat - they'll get cold really quickly, and will need to spend on getting artificial dog coats for them.


How to keep your dog's coat healthy and shiny


In order to keep your dog's coat healthy and shiny, you should brush them regularly with either a pin-brush or dog comb.

This will help remove any dirt that may have accumulated in the fur during playtime outside or from running around on grassy areas such as in parks where there could be dog poop lying about.


If you're brushing daily, use a dog shampoo once per week to rinse off any dirt that has been brushed out.

The added benefit would also to provide moisture back into the skin, which can become dry after many weeks without washing it all together.

Also, remember that feeding your dog good food will help in keeping his coat healthy and shiny - especially if fed raw meat (but ask your vet first!)



Conclusion


Regardless of your dog's coat type, regular brushing and grooming is a must for any dog.

It will help keep their skin healthy, as well as prevent any mats or tangles from forming in the fur.

You should brush your dog at least once a week to remove dead hair and dirt that may have accumulated during playtime outside (or even inside if they've been rolling around on carpet).



about the author

Frank Harrigan

Frank loves tacos and dogs - the good, bad and ugly sides of dog ownership.


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